This is the second SG Lab transverter that I’ve purchased. Ther first was Hristiyan LZ5HP’s 2400 MHz transverter which has worked flawlessly since day 1. Located in Sofia, Bulgaria, SG Lab makes all sorts of microwave and RF products for commercial applications therefore they’re well-positioned to make amateur radio products.
The cost of the 3400 MHz transverter as of February 2020 was 240 Euros with 10 Euros shipping to Australia. However, Hristiyan doesn’t have a page on his website (yet) for this transverter, so you’ll need to contact him for the latest pricing, shipping rates, and specifications. This tranverter appears to be still under development as Hristiyan has been communicating with a few local VK amateurs.
If you have an interest in getting on to the higher bands, SG Lab transverters are ideal. Above all, they are great value for money, and unlike some other companies that supply microwave equipment like this, the cost of shipping is economical. They can have the same IF which means you can build the 2300 MHz transverter and the 3400 MHz transverter into the same box, in effect making your own dual bander. 3 watts at 3398 MHz is more than enough to make many 100km+ contacts as it’s all about antennas and elevation at these frequencies. SG Lab also has a 1296 MHz transverter but this device has a 144 MHz IF.
Stability is important as frequencies increases, therefore the ability to lock the transverter to an external 10MHz source is a great advantage. SG Lab transverters are well built and are stable, so in other words, you’ll most likely get away using the internal reference.
The VK VHF UHF contest brings out many VK amateurs to test their gear and skills in making microwave contacts. VK3 has many active microwave operators and it’s not uncommon to have stations talking over each other on contest days.
The summer 2020 VHF UHF contest saw microwave activity from VK3MY, VK3FS, VK4WIS, VK4GU, VK5NE, VK1KW, VK2AZ, VK2XAX and VK4OE. All of these stations were home stations. Portable stations included VK3ALB, VK5KK, VK5ZD, VK5OI, VK7TW, VK5ZT, VK5OQ, VK2SRC, VK5BWR, VK3ER, VK4IF, VK3KQ, VK7OTC, VK3FSK and VK3BEZ. As you can see, plenty of stations running 2.4GHz and up.
There are many active microwave communities in Southern Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania. It’s worth joining the Facebook VHF UHF Microwave – VK ZL Group to see who’s out doing what and when.
Microwave Activity Days are held Australia wide from time to time which gives everyone the opportunity to get out the shack and find a hill to work others. These days can be a lot of fun especially if the weather is kind. It’s worth keeping an eye on the VHF UHF Microwave – VK ZL Amateur ham radio Facebook group for upcoming MADs.
There are three SMA connectors on the transverter.
The top SMA is 3380-3480 MHz RX and TX. When the device is in split mode, it’s TX only.
The next SMA connector is RX only, but only when the transverter is in split mode.
Next, a 2.1mm DC jack allows 12v to be connected. The maximum current is 1300mA.
The 3rd SMA connector is the IF input. 420 to 450 MHz.
Next are two LEDs. The top is the Input LED, and the bottom is the output LED.
Finally a 3.5mm audio jack which allows the connection of an external sequencer.
Split mode is split-frequency operation option. It requires additional soldering. When enabled, it allows to addition of separate amplification on receive and transmit.
As of October 2021 Hristiyan confirmed the prices of SG Lab transverters as follows:
23cm band transverter V2.3 – 156 Euro
13cm band transverter V1.5 – 210 Euro
9cm band transverter V2 – 240 Euro
25W PA for 1296 MHz V2 – 162 Euro
20W PA for 2.4 GHz V2 – 126 Euro
20W PA for 2.32 GHz V1 with integrated RX/TX relay and LNA/BPF – 180 Euro.
You can confirm the price and order by sending Hristitan an email at email@example.com
Version 2 allows the programming of alternate LO frequencies. This allows users to select a LO more appropriate for local conditions.
Default LO Frequencies
The new alternate LO frequencies
To the maths…
If you select 2963 MHz as the LO, and tune to 435 MHz on the IF radio, you’ll be tuned to 3398 MHz.
|Frequency range RF||3380 MHz||3480 MHz|
|Frequency range IF||420 MHz||432 MHz||450 MHz|
|Local Oscilator Frequency||See Document|
|LO Accuracy at 20øC||+/- 1ppm|
|LO temp. stability -20 +70øC||+/- 2ppm|
|Output Power||2 watts||3 watts|
|Input Power||0.2 watts||5 watts|
|Receive Gain (Adjustable)||0dB||+10dB|
|Noise Figure (Split mode)||1.3dB|
|Noise Figure (Rx/Tx mode)||1.7dB|
|Spurious response||Less than -55 dBc|
The receiver sensitivity is reported to be very good. Here’s a test quick receiver sensitivity test by VK2XAX. I believe this may be the V1 transverter.
RF Power Output
In another test by Tim VK2XAX on the adjustment of the output power of the SG Lab 3400 MHz transverter.
Building for portable use
Have a transverter as is with wires and coaxes coming out of it left right and centre is fraught with danger, especially if you’ve got other radio equipment in the mix. To prevent unwanted and unnecessary strain on the fragile SMA connectors, as well as the power lead and sequencer I/O, it’s well worth putting everything in a dicast aluminium box. This way if you damage something, it won’t be due to a physical reason.
Room for a battery
Another feature to plan for is a battery. Carrying one less thing is a bonus when hiking up a hill, so consider a LiPo or Lithium battery to be housed inside your box. At the time of taking this photo, I’m still waiting to receive mine.
Most, if not all transverters are driven by a 10 watts or less. Using QRP radios such as the Icom IC-705 or the Yaesu FT-818 is an ideal and safe way to drive a transverter. High power radios tend to spike with high power on TX. This is ALC overshoot can destroy some transverters. ALC overshoot, or power overshoot, is caused by the basic flawed design of ALC circuits and RF power control systems. Using QRP radios will ensure your investment will give years of flawless use. Just look at all the microwave videos on Youtube to see what IF radios people use.
The future of 3.4GHz in Australia
There has been lots of talk about the future of the 3.4GHz allocation in the Australian amature radio band. Certainly, 3400MHz and up has been withdrawn for city allocations because of the rollout of 5G mobile networks amongst other things. At the time of wring ACMA are looking to change the allocation of the band, however the specrum below 3400MHz seems likely to remain untouched for the forseeable future. Use it or lose it as they saying goes…
Popular, and common antennas for 3400MHz includ gridpacks, panels and dishes. One very popular antenna is the MT-405013 3.3-3.8GHz 18.5dBi Antenna. They have a flat VSWR or 1.5:1 across the band and don’t like any more than 6 watts in. Perfect for the SG Lab 3400 transverter.
These antennas became popular with the GARC kit. You can read about the project at the Geelong Amateur Radio Club site.
If you’re looking to pick up a pannel antenna, eBay and VKClassifieds may be you best option. If a gridpack is more your thing, you’ll find them at Radio Specialists in South Australia marketed as WiMax antennas. Alternatively, ask at your local radio club or microwave Facebook group as there are a lot of these antennas gathering dust in garages.
3.4GHz over Porth Phillip Bay (October 2020)
In a recent trip to the Mt Martha Beach, contacts were made with Rob VK3KRD, Neil VK3BCU and Rob VK3IE some 60 to 70km across Port Phillip Bay. Using the IC-705 (@2 watts) as an IF radio into the SG Lab 3400 transverter and the supplied PCB antenna, solid 5×9+ signals were achieved over water.
Rob (VK3IE) and Neil were also using SG Lab transverters into 18db panel antennas. All three are located in Melbourne’s north-west suburbs near the airports.
The video (right) shows the contacts.